What is Ammonium Bicarbonate
Measures in Case of Accidents
Remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breath areaing is difficult, give oxygen. Call a physician.
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Give large quantities of water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Call a physician immediately.
Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical attention. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, lifting lower and upper eyelids occasionally. Get medical attention immediately.
The Uses of Ammonium Bicarbonate
In the food industry, ammonium bicarbonate is used as a raising agent or leavening agent, as it releases gas in the baked good, creating a light texture. Examples include cookies and crackers, and steamed buns and Chinese almond cookies in China. Before modern day baking powder, it was also a staple good in households, for example in the form of hartshorn/hornsalt in Scandinavian countries. Although using ammonium bicarbonate does result in a slight ammonia smell during baking, it dissipates quickly and has no effect on the taste. However, ammonium bicarbonate cannot be used for moist, bulky baked goods, such as normal break or cakes, as some ammonia may remain trapped inside and result in an unpleasant taste.
Ammonium bicarbonate is also widely used as a nitrogen fertilizer, especially in China, as the ammonium ions can be released into the soil and either absorbed by the soil colloid, lattice-fixed or converted into nitrate nitrogen. Its benefits are that it leaves little to no residue in the soil after the ammonium ion is absorbed by the plants, has minimum impact on the pH of the soil, and is quick-acting and useful in the long run. It is limited however due to its instability and tendency to decompose. This can however be remedied by the addition of a crystalline modifier.